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Liquid-state theory of charged colloids

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1998 EDP Sciences
, , Citation Y. Levin et al 1998 EPL 41 123

0295-5075/41/2/123

Abstract

A simple theory of the fluid state of a charged colloidal suspension is proposed. The full free energy of a polyelectrolyte solution is calculated. It is found that the counterions condense onto the polyions forming clusters composed of one polyion and n counterions. The distribution of cluster sizes is determined explicitly. In agreement with the current experimental and Monte Carlo results, no liquid-gas phase separation was encountered.

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10.1209/epl/i1998-00119-4