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The Japan Society of Applied Physics

The Japan Society of Applied Physics (JSAP) serves as an academic interface between science and engineering and an interactive platform for academia and the industry. JSAP is a "conduit" for the transfer of fundamental concepts to the industry for development and technological applications.

JSAP was established as an official academic society in 1946, and since then, it has been one of the leading academic societies in Japan. The society's interests cover a broad variety of scientific and technological fields, and JSAP continues to explore state-of-the-art and interdisciplinary topics.

To this end, the JSAP holds annual conferences; publishes scientific journals; actively sponsors events, symposia, and festivals related to science education; and compiles information related to state-of-the-art technology for the public.

Effect of Packing Density on Critical Current Density at High Magnetic Fields in Polycrystalline MgB2 Superconductors

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Published 26 November 2012 Copyright (c) 2012 The Japan Society of Applied Physics
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1347-4065/51/12R/123103

Abstract

It is well understood that the critical current density in polycrystalline MgB2 superconductors is severely restricted by porosities and wet insulating layers that cover superconducting grains. The relationship between critical current density and electrical connectivity is well explained by the prediction of the percolation theory. Recently, it has been found that the irreversibility field that directly influences the high-field performance of the critical current density is also dependent on electrical connectivity. This behavior is explained by the finding that superconducting grains with the c-axis tilted by a small angle from the direction of applied magnetic field lose their superconductivity at relatively low magnetic fields owing to the low irreversibility field, resulting in a decrease in the effective packing density. This phenomenon is theoretically investigated using the percolation theory and the theory of flux creep and flow. The obtained result explains the experimental result well. This shows that the packing factor of MgB2 is also important for improving the critical current density at high magnetic fields.

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10.1143/JJAP.51.123103