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Paper The following article is Open access

Synthesis, morphological, structural and topological characteristics of carbon nanosphere derived from Iraqi diesel

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Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd
, , Citation Nadia B Hussain and Hassan A Habeeb Alshamsi 2019 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1294 052069

1742-6596/1294/5/052069

Abstract

The objective of this study involves the synthesis of carbon nanospheres(CNS) from incomplete burning of Iraqi diesel.Also, the synthesized CNS were further treated with hydrochloric acid and sonicated for 1 hour to achieve modified CNS.The results reveal that the produced carbon nanoparticles much smaller than those from the conventional diesel combustion.CNS were characterized using FT-IR spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy(SEM), atomic force microscopy(AFM), X-rays diffraction(XRD), Energy dispersive x-ray microanalysis (EDX), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and Thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA). FTIR spectra showed a change is in nature of functional groups and exiting of adsorbed impurities on surfaceof synthesized carbonic materials. The results obtained from of SEM and XRD show a similar structure and morphology of the new materials. Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) analyses indicate a gradual weight loss in the temperature range from 0°C to about 700°C.AFM and BET analysis indicted a similar topology and surface area values of both materials. EDS analysis exhibited that carbon was the main product of diesel combustion.

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10.1088/1742-6596/1294/5/052069