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Calculation of electron beam dose distributions for arbitrarily shaped fields

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Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd
, , Citation I A D Bruinvis et al 1983 Phys. Med. Biol. 28 667



The method described enables isodose distributions and output factors of treatment fields can be predicted with good accuracy, without the need for any dose measurement in the actual field. A Gaussian pencil beam model is employed with two different pencil beams for each electron beam energy. The values of the parameters of the pencil beam dose distributions are determined from a set of measurements of broad beam distributions; in this way the influence of electrons scattering by the applicator walls is taken into account. The dose distribution of electrons scattered from high atomic number metal frames, which define the treatment field contour at the skin, is calculated separately and added. This calculation is based on experimentally derived data. The method has been tested for beams with 6, 10, 14 and 20 MeV electron energy. The distance between calculated and measured isodose lines with values between 10 and 90% is under 0.3 cm. The difference between calculated and measured output factors does not exceed 2%.

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